The LSSICE applies to any kind of file or device that is downloaded in the terminal equipment of a user in order to store data that can be updated and recovered by the entity responsible for their installation. A cookie is one of those Generally used files that we will generically call cookies. Cookies are small text files sent to a browser from a web server to record user activity on a web site of so that this information can be retrieved later during navigation by the different pages that are connected to the server that installed them. Cookies usually store technical information, personal preferences, personalization of content, usage statistics, links to social networks, access to user accounts, etc.
Types of cookies
Next, a classification of cookies is made based on a series of categories. However, it is necessary to bear in mind that the same cookie may be included in more than one category.
According to the entity that manages them
-Own cookies: These are those that are sent to the user’s terminal equipment from a computer or domain managed by the publisher itself and from which the service is provided requested by the user. -Third-party cookies: These are those that are sent to the user’s terminal equipment from a computer or domain that is not managed by the publisher, but by another entity that deals with data obtained through cookies. In the event that cookies are installed from a computer or domain managed by the editor himself but the information collected through these is managed by a third, they are not considered own cookies.
According to the period of time they remain activated
Depending on the period of time that they remain activated in the terminal equipment, we can distinguish:
-Session cookies: They are a type of cookies designed to collect and store data while the user accesses a web page. They are often used to store information that only interests to keep for the provision of the service requested by the user on a single occasion (e.g. a list of purchased products).
-Persistent cookies: They are a type of cookies in which the data is still stored in terminal and can be accessed and processed during a period defined by the responsible for the cookie, and that can range from a few minutes to several years.
According to its purpose
Depending on the purpose for which the data obtained through cookies is processed, we can distinguish between:
-Technical cookies: These are those that allow the user to navigate through a website, platform or application and the use of the different options or services that they exist in it, for example, control traffic and data communication, identify the session, access parts of restricted access, remember the elements that integrate an order, carry out the purchase process of an order, make the request for registration or participation in an event, use security elements during the browsing, storing content for broadcasting videos or sound or sharing content through social networks.
-Personalization cookies: These are those that allow the user to access the service with some general characteristics predefined based on a series of criteria in the user’s terminal such as the language, the type of browser through which you access the service, the regional configuration from where you access the service, etc.
-Analysis cookies: These are those that allow the person responsible for them, the monitoring and analysis of the behavior of the users of the websites to which are linked. The information collected through this type of cookie is used in the measurement of the activity of websites, application or platform and for the preparation of browsing profiles of the users of said sites, applications and platforms, with thein order to introduce improvements based on the analysis of usage data made by users from service.
-Advertising cookies: They are those that allow the management, in the most efficient way possible, of the advertising spaces that, where appropriate, the editor has included on a page web, application or platform from which the requested service is provided based on criteria such as edited content or how often ads are shown.
-Behavioral advertising cookies: These are those that allow the management of the most efficient way possible, of the advertising spaces that, where appropriate, the editor has included in a web page, application or platform from which the service is provided requested. These cookies store information on user behavior obtained through continuous observation of your browsing habits, which allows you to develop a specific profile to display advertising based on it.
How to disable cookies in the main web browsers
What happens if cookies are not accepted
The rejection of cookies may prevent access to content and services customized.
Updates and modifications in the policy of cookies.